BMW Garage BMW Meets Register Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read




 

Post Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
      03-12-2016, 12:34 PM   #1
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
DIY brake fluid change

I did a brake fluid change today and took some notes which others may find helpful. I am using a MOTIV pressure bleeder. I had a liter of ATE super blue left which I understand will no longer be available. I usually put that in for summer, then switch back to OEM fluid for winter, so the color change is helpful. Moving forward, I plan to start using ATE amber or Motul, and may or may not alternate with OEM fluid for the offseason. Without the distinct color change, I wanted to make sure I know exactly how much fluid it takes for a full flush. I drained the waste into a large measuring cup.

Here is my method:

1) Remove fluid from the reservoir using a syringe until the level is 1mm above minimum. With a full reservoir to start, this is about 200mL.
2) Fill reservoir back to maximum with new fluid, 200mL
3) Place remaining 800mL of new fluid in pressure bleeder tank, seal and pressurize system.
4) Starting at furthest corner, passenger side rear, bleed until color change is complete. This is the slowest color change because there is inevitably some mixing in the reservoir. The fluid looked pretty good after 200mL was out, but I kept it going until I had 300mL through and the color was very dark blue and did not seem to be changing any more. 300mL seems right to get the new fluid completely flushed into the reservoir, through the master cylinder and through this line.
5) Driver's side rear: Distinct color change after 75mL, went to 125mL to be sure.
6) Passenger side front: Distinct color change at 50mL, went to 100 mL to be sure.
7) Driver's side front: distinct color change at 50mL, went to 100 mL to be sure.

So, bare minimum for full flush would be 200(reservoir) + 200 + 75 + 50 + 50 = 575mL. And that to me really is bare minimum. Most products come in a 500mL size (OEM is 375mL) so not enough. I would recommend going with a liter so that you don't have to cut it close. I think that rules out Castrol SRF for me unless the $80 price is for 1 liter!! Motul is $20 for each 500mL. I would probably go with 200(reservoir) + 300 + 125 + 100 + 100 = 825mL which allows for some waste in the bleeder tank and tubing and really assures a complete flush.

Couldn't really find this kind of information on volumes anywhere, so thought this would be helpful. When I switch to a clear or amber fluid next time, I will verify these numbers.

Last edited by CarJunkie; 03-12-2016 at 10:20 PM.
Appreciate 3
      03-12-2016, 01:04 PM   #2
NorthernDancer
Captain
37
Rep
701
Posts

Drives: 325iX & 128
Join Date: Apr 2011
Location: Ottawa On Canada

iTrader: (3)

Thanks

Very useful; I might add to use a high quality box end wrench on bleeder screw.
Appreciate 1
      03-12-2016, 02:40 PM   #3
ayao
Thread killer
68
Rep
1,001
Posts

Drives: 1M
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: CA

iTrader: (1)

Great info - I've not seen any quantification of volumes anywhere else, so this is fantastic.

The only thing I do differently, which makes the process much more tedious, is that I don't add any fluid to the bleeder at all -- I just use it to pressurize the reservoir. I do this because I want to keep the bleeder clean, rather than have to clean it out and have more toxic chemicals floating around. But, that means that you have to keep an eagle eye on reservoir fluid level to avoid entraining air. This is particularly the case when flushing the clutch fluid -- the intake for the clutch from the brake fluid reservoir is very high in the reservoir (haven't really been able to visually locate it on the reservoir or on schematics) so you have to constantly refill the reservoir to prevent the dreaded bubbling of air from the bleed valve. Don't ask me how I know ...

Thanks for posting this info. Bravo!

You should consider doing this volume measurement for the clutch fluid as well ...
Appreciate 0
      03-12-2016, 02:41 PM   #4
eeghie
Kind of a Big Deal
99
Rep
1,542
Posts

Drives: an 1M not often enough
Join Date: Jan 2011
Location: between Unlimited and Hard to Get

iTrader: (0)

Quote:
Originally Posted by CarJunkie View Post
...

Couldn't really find this kind of information on volumes anywhere, so thought this would be helpful. ...
THX,

In what way can the fluid volumes be gauged in the process?
Appreciate 0
      03-12-2016, 02:47 PM   #5
Dackelone
European Editor
Dackelone's Avatar
Germany
3588
Rep
20,179
Posts

Drives: N54 e82
Join Date: Feb 2010
Location: Bayern, Germany

iTrader: (1)

Nice writeup CarJunkie would have been cool if you took some pics!

Here is another thread with some pics...


DIY Request - Brake Bleeding, Adding/Replacing Brake Fluid Procedure
http://www.1addicts.com/forums/showt...=241217&page=2



Dackel
Appreciate 0
      03-12-2016, 04:00 PM   #6
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
Quote:
Originally Posted by eeghie View Post
THX,

In what way can the fluid volumes be gauged in the process?
I use a 3' clear plastic tube that fits over the bleeder screw and prevents a mess. I have always collected back into the can that the new fluid came in, but today I used a reqular marked 1L measuring cup, basic kitchenware. I keep one in the garage for adding liquid chlorine to the pool, so it won't be used for any cooking.
Appreciate 0
      03-12-2016, 04:02 PM   #7
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
Quote:
Originally Posted by Dackelone View Post
Nice writeup CarJunkie would have been cool if you took some pics!

Here is another thread with some pics...


DIY Request - Brake Bleeding, Adding/Replacing Brake Fluid Procedure
http://www.1addicts.com/forums/showt...=241217&page=2



Dackel
Agree, but I am too lazy to take pictures!

Also, this was more about assuring I knew how to get a complete flush in the future. Posting the information was an afterthought.
Appreciate 1
      03-18-2016, 05:21 AM   #8
marconi118
Major
18
Rep
1,044
Posts

Drives: 06/07 e93 335i
Join Date: Nov 2008
Location: europe

iTrader: (0)

what about DSC ABS bleeding with inpa cable?
Appreciate 0
      03-18-2016, 09:20 AM   #9
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
I don't believe that needs any special attention, so I have been told.
Appreciate 0
      03-18-2016, 10:06 AM   #10
Ric in RVA
Second Lieutenant
Ric in RVA's Avatar
67
Rep
219
Posts

Drives: ??????
Join Date: Oct 2015
Location: Richmond VA

iTrader: (0)

If you do the clutch at the same time I absolutely could not get a vacuum bleeder to pull through the clutch. But it brought back fond memories of me in the drivers seat as a little kid...Dad saying "Pump"...."Hold"...."Pump" But now with my youngest son.

And REMOVE THE STINKING CLUTCH DELAY VALVE if it still is installed!!!
__________________
Ric in RVA

11 528i N52, 83 R80, 90 325is M50, 02 Mini Cooper S and 11 135i M-Tech Sapphire Black/ Koral
Appreciate 0
      03-18-2016, 07:00 PM   #11
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
The clutch won't bleed with pressure at the reservoir either. Needs the pedal pumped. It is still a 1 person job because the pedal does not return itself when the bleed valve is open. So you can open valve, push pedal to floor, close valve, pull pedal back up, repeat about 10 times.
Appreciate 0
      03-18-2016, 09:53 PM   #12
ayao
Thread killer
68
Rep
1,001
Posts

Drives: 1M
Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: CA

iTrader: (1)

Quote:
Originally Posted by CarJunkie View Post
The clutch won't bleed with pressure at the reservoir either. Needs the pedal pumped. It is still a 1 person job because the pedal does not return itself when the bleed valve is open. So you can open valve, push pedal to floor, close valve, pull pedal back up, repeat about 10 times.
My experience has been pretty different from yours -- if I pressurize the brake fluid reservoir and then open the clutch bleed valve, brake fluid definitely comes out. Because I pressurize with an empty Motive bleeder can (i.e. using air only) it's easy to push air through the system if you don't keep an eagle eye on the fluid reservoir.

Last edited by ayao; 03-18-2016 at 11:44 PM.
Appreciate 0
      03-18-2016, 10:46 PM   #13
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
Quote:
Originally Posted by ayao View Post
My experience has been pretty different from yours -- if I pressurize the brake fluid reservoir and then open the clutch bleed valve, brake fluid definitely comes out. Because I pressurize with an empty Motive bleeder can (i.e. using air only) it's easy to push air through the system if you keep an eagle eye on the fluid reservoir.
Interesting, I tried just using pressure first. Maybe I need to open the bleeder screw a little more. Even at 15-20 PSI in the bleeder, that is a lot less pressure than a pressing the pedal. I'll try again next time. I only change the clutch fluid once for every 3-4 brake jobs.
Appreciate 0
      07-12-2016, 09:00 AM   #14
CarJunkie
Captain
United_States
79
Rep
915
Posts

Drives: VO 1M
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Tri-Cities, Washington

iTrader: (0)

Garage List
2011 BMW 1M  [0.00]
Waking up this thread . . .

I installed Stoptech braided lines a few days ago. I bled the system with fresh fluid (Motul RBF600) and got a lot of air from each corner as expected. I kept it running and had perfect fluid with no bubbles for an extra 100 mL at each corner.

I drove the car for the first time yesterday. The brake pedal was mush. Braking authority was all there, but pedal travel was obviously more than usual. During the line change, there must have been time for some air from the first few corners to make it all the way back to the master cylinder. While the reservoir is the highpoint, all of the lines themselves have highpoints that are about 6" above the MC, so I am not sure how the air could get over the highpoints and then down to the MC, but it must have.

Anyhow, by jacking up the back of the car, I got the master cylinder about half way to level. To get all of the air out of it, it really needs to be level. I bled the driver's side front using the old school one guy method. Open bleeder screw, push brake pedal down and brace it against the driver's seat with a 22" aluminum tee-ball bat, then close bleeder, remove bat, repeat. You may laugh, but it works! I definitely got air out. Pedal feels better after. I have a slanted driveway, so when more brake fluid arrives from HPAuto I will back the car onto my ramps at the steepest part of the driveway and see if I can get the MC perfectly level. It looks to need the chassis at about 20 degrees. My driveway is about 12 degrees, ramps should get the rest. E-brake, tranny in reverse, block the front tires, then I'll do it again, maybe even hit all 4 corners.

In case you are wondering, with the car backed onto ramps, tire turned all the way opposite, you can get a tube onto the bleeder and reach to open and close the bleeder screw. Once the tube is on there, it is easy to find it blindly.
Appreciate 1
Post Reply

Bookmarks

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 10:05 PM.




1addicts
1addicts
Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.7.0
Copyright ©2000 - 2016, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
1Addicts.com, BIMMERPOST.com, E90Post.com, F30Post.com, M3Post.com, ZPost.com, 5Post.com, 6Post.com, 7Post.com, XBimmers.com logo and trademark are properties of BIMMERPOST